Civilian domestic intelligence
The basic objective of the civilian counter-intelligence is to foresee and prevent the risks that may pose a threat to the sovereignty, security, and internal order of our country. For this purpose, it is necessary to recognize, identify, detect, and neutralize the hidden threats and support governmental decision-making procedures through sharing the knowledge obtained.
The mutual cooperation with the domestic law enforcement and intelligence services and foreign partners is one of the essential prerequisites for achieving this objective.
Main areas of civilian domestic intelligence
The activity of a civilian domestic intelligence service involves various areas. Its focus may change in line with the security situation and with regards to new risks and challenges that may arise.
The hostile intelligence services usually make efforts to establish contacts with the personnel of the considerable public institutions and organizations in order to gain information or gain an opportunity to influence the governmental decision-making, the political, financial-economical, or innovative processes. Therefore, it is one of the main tasks of the departments of the Constitution Protection Office dealing with counter-intelligence, to detect and prevent the efforts of the hostile intelligence agencies, and identify their background of logistics. Uncovering their tradecrafts is an essential national security interest, since only this way can the Constitution Protection Office ensure that Hungary shapes international, security, national, and economic policies of the country independently and free from outside influence.
The protection of the economic interests is one of the main pillars of national security. Therefore, it is also a priority for the Constitution Protection Office to act against the persons and efforts that may pose a risk to the economy and the functioning of the financial system. The Constitution Protection Office puts special emphasis on the protection of domestic budgetary funds and EU funds, the stability of the financial sector, the lawful operation of the capital market provider sector, and to support the fight against money laundering.
Migration towards the European Union has considerably intensified in the last decade. Even though Hungary still plays the role of a transit country, the number of third country citizens who wish to reside in our country for employment, study, or other purposes has been significantly growing year by year.
In order to detect the security risks and the misuse related to alien administration procedures, the Constitution Protection Office executes the national security checking of individuals applying for Hungarian citizenship, for residence and settlement permit, for visa or for the establishment of the stateless person status, and the recognition of their refugee status. As a result of that the Constitution Protection Office functions as an authority and – depending on the type of procedure – issues an official expertise and provides a national security risk assessment.
The activity of organizations threatening the constitutional order of Hungary generally violates the legal functioning of the administration and governmental institutions and may influence public administration, public safety, and the efficient operation of jurisdiction in a negative way. There are several examples when the hostile secret services use those organisations for their own purposes. In order to protect and safeguard the rule of law and the democratic system of Hungary the Constitution Protection Office detects and wards off surreptitious endeavours to alter or disturb the law and order of Hungary by illegitimate means.
The aim of the non-proliferation activity of the Constitution Protection Office is to detect and impede the uncontrolled spread of products and technologies, information, and skills needed for the production, manufacturing, and development of military equipment, chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons of mass destruction and their carries.
In the course of that activity the Constitution Protection Office participates in monitoring the export to conflict zones, in detecting and impeding the non-peaceful utilizations, in uncovering the detours that aim to conceal the end-use, and the modus operandi.
National security protection, protection of (organs), institutions and facilities
The national security protection task of the Constitution Protection Office has two angles: first the prevention, detection and countering of activities aiming to unlawfully obtain protected information related to the activity of persons occupying certain positions; second the prevention, detection and countering of clandestine endeavours threatening the undisturbed operation of institutions, organisations and companies important for the national economy and the government.